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RoHS Compliant Non Hexavelent Zinc Plating

Pacific-West Fastener Association


MFASC


Finishing Types and Services

ZINC ELECTROPLATING

Zinc plating is known as the “work horse” of metallic coatings for corrosion protection of steel surfaces. Zinc is a “sacrificial” topcoat used to protect the steel component underneath from corroding. Zinc plating is the most economical type of plating in the industry. For instance steel bolts last much longer due to the fact they are sold with a coating of zinc or another similar type coating that has been applied by electroplating.

Virtually all types of steel can be protected with zinc, including castings. Zinc coatings can be applied in many different colors with or without brilliant finishes. Zinc plating is available in yellow/gold, clear/blue, black and green, with the addition of topcoats known as “Chromates.” These topcoats can add many more hours of salt spray corrosion protection on the zinc-plated product.

ZINC PLATING SPECIFICATIONS:

Commercial
ASTM-B633-07
ASTM 591/A 591M
Type I, Type II, Type III
Type V, VI

TIN-ZINC ELECTROPLATING

Tin-Zinc was developed as a direct replacement for cadmium plating. It is a mixture of 70% tin and 30% zinc. It maintains outstanding corrosion resistance characteristics with good electrical conductivity.

Generally, Tin-Zinc may offer up to 500 hours of salt spray corrosion protection without the "toxic" label that cadmium has and to a lesser extent, nickel plating as well. Tin-Zinc is generally considered almost twice as effective as cadmium plating and up to five times better corrosion protection than traditional zinc plating. Tin-Zinc is considered an "alloy-zinc" and performs much better than standard zinc plating

Tin-Zinc has wide operating parameters and can be plated on steel and many iron-alloy surfaces. With the use of yellow and clear chromate finishes, Tin-Zinc corrosion protection qualities are greatly enhanced.

ADVANTAGES OF TIN-ZINC PLATING:

  • RoHS compliant and environmentally friendly when used without hex
    Chrome coatings.
  • Superior corrosion resistance to salt water and damp environments.
  • Provides excellent solderability and ductility.
  • Uniform thickness in maintained evenly including threaded products.
  • Maintains excellent corrosion resistance after bending or crimping.
  • Tolerates severe secondary processing. 
  • Cracks are generally not formed on bent plated parts with Tin-Zinc.

APPLICATIONS USING TIN-ZINC PLATING:

  • Machinery, tools and equipment used in marine environments.
  • Threaded products and fasteners requiring the highest level of
    corrosion protection.
  • Vehicles, off-road suspension components.
  • Railway equipment.
  • Components requiring corrosion resistance to sulfurous chemicals.
  • Components and fasteners for grounding in corrosive environments.
  • Parts/Components exposed to daily and harsh atmospheric conditions.
  • Pipes, brackets and fittings.

TIN-ZINC SPECIFICATIONS:

Commercial
SAE AMS-2434c


Specialty Plating Processes:

Sonic Plating Co. Inc. provides specialty process plating for customers that require alternative and traditional metal finishing. These services include: Cadmium, Zinc-Nickel and Nickel electroplating.

CADMIUM ELECTROPLATING

Cadmium plating (or “cad plating”) offers excellent corrosion resistance even at relatively low thicknesses. It is superior to zinc for corrosion protection and mainly used in aerospace, marine harsh and salt environments. It usually will offer double the corrosion resistance as zinc and works well either as a final finish or as a paint base. Cad plating offers a long list of technical advantages and is available in clear, yellow, olive drab and black.

CADMIUM PLATING SPECIFICATIONS:

Commercial
SAE AMS QQ-P-416B
ASTM B766-86

ZINC-NICKEL ELECTROPLATING

Zinc-Nickel plating is a superior corrosion protecting alloy metal that provides better wear protection than traditional zinc or cadmium plating alone. Zinc-Nickel alloy corrodes slower than conventional zinc plating and protects the base metal for longer periods and may provide over 1000 hours of salt spray protection. In most cases, Zinc-Nickel plating far exceeds other sacrificial metal surface protection characteristics of other types of metal finishing.

ZINC-NICKEL PLATING SPECIFICATIONS:

Commercial
AMS 2417

NICKEL ELECTROPLATING

Nickel plating is a corrosion protection metal used to protect copper, iron or zinc alloys. It is used in harsh environments such as industrial and marine. Nickel plating is intended mainly for wear and abrasion resistance. Nickel plating is also a superior metal surface coating that offers excellent protection against many corrosive chemicals and environments.

NICKEL PLATING SPECIFICATIONS:

AMS QQ-N-290B


CHROMATE CONVERSION COATINGS

Chromate Conversion also known as “chromating,” is a chemical coating used to treat zinc plated parts as well as aluminum and other similar alloys. The most common use for chromating is to impart corrosion resistance to zinc, zinc plated steel, certain steel alloys and some aluminum surfaces. Most chromated parts retain their electrical conductivity to varying degrees. A process of adding a color or dye may be used for decorative or identification purposes.

The chromatic coatings are usually gelatinous when first applied to the surface of the metal. As the coating dries, it hardens and becomes hydrophobic. The strength of some chromates are indicated by color, progressing from clear/blue to yellow, green and black. Generally the darker the chromate, the more corrosion resistance protection is offered.

Chromate conversion coatings are common on everyday household items such as fasteners, hardware items, engine parts and tools.

The term CHEMICAL FILM refers to aluminum. Many types of aluminum surfaces have the added protection of chemical film chromates to prevent oxidation.

Staying current with industry demands, specifically the European Union’s (EU) and Japan’s directives such as End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV) and the RoHS, Sonic Plating Inc. offers “Trivalent Chromium” based coatings, which are EU approved. However, we continue to offer the traditional hex-chrome chromate for customers requiring its use.

CHROMATE CONVERSION BENEFITS:

Conversion coatings are economical.
Offers properties to extend the service life of parts.
Improves performance characteristics of the treated parts.
Aids in the delay of corrosion (rust) on the plated surface.
Minimizes oxidation of plated steel and aluminum parts.

CHROMATE CONVERSION SPECIFICATIONS:

Trivalent Chromium (hex-chrome free) RoHS compliant:

-Clear chromate
Offering 72 hours of white salt spray corrosion resistance

-Yellow two component chromate.
Offering 120 hours of white salt spray corrosion resistance

-Black two component chromate.
Offering 120 hours of white salt spray corrosion resistance

-Hypro Blue chromate.
Offering 96 hours of white salt spray corrosion resistance

-Green, Olive Drab, Red, Purple, Dark Blue, Brown and Aqua Marine dyes available.

Trivalent Chromium SPECIFICATIONS:

B633-07

General Motors specifies (Hex-chrome free) per GMW3059 and GMW3044

Hexavalent chromium:

-Clear/Blue chromate offers 12 hours salt spray corrosion resistance
-Yellow/Gold chromate offers 96 hours salt spray corrosion resistance
-Black chromate offers 150 hours salt spray corrosion resistance

We offer "Cronak" treatment on aluminum surfaced and cast aluminum parts.

MIL-C-5541 refers to “chemical film” on aluminum
ASTM B449


SUPERSEAL® by

Sonic Plating Inc. offers a super conversion coating (chemical film) in addition to our traditional specified chromates. The “SuperSeal” film we use is the most corrosion resistant conversion "TOP COAT" yet to be introduced to the metal finishing industry. SuperSeal adds an additional 500 hours of salt spray protection against red rust when applied over a zinc plated and chromated part. For the ultimate corrosion protection, we recommend the SuperSeal application as a final coating for your plated parts.


PASSIVATION

Passivation is the removal of free iron from the surface of stainless steel, which results from the manufacturing process of stainless steel. Passivation allows the chemical “clean-up” of the surface of stainless steel, thus removing very fine iron debris that attaches itself to the metal. If allowed to remain, the iron can corrode in the form of rust spots on the stainless steel. Passivation consists of immersing the stainless steel components in a nitric acid solution without oxidizing salts. The solution dissolves the imbedded iron and restores the original corrosion-resistant surface by forming a thin, transparent oxide film.

The result is a stainless steel corrosion protection process without plating. Passivation offers a clean surface on the part(s) and eliminates iron contamination and rust discoloration. The surface is then ready for priming and painting if necessary.

It is important however that you identify the type of stainless steel you need passivated. We do not recommend passivating stainless steel that has a carbonized/nitrided surface due to the fact the nitric acid bath will dissolve the surface and reduce the size of the part.

PASSIVATION SPECIFICATIONS:

ASTM A-967
MIL-S-5002
ASTM A380


BRIGHT DIPPING

Bright dipping is an effective means of cleaning the impurities off of the surface of BRASS, BRONZE and COPPER metals. Bright dip produces an almost similar brightness of polishing at a fraction of the cost. Bright dip leaves a nice finish to brass, bronze and copper parts while enhancing the appearance by cleaning away the tarnished look of the metal. Bright dip usually leaves a nice shine and reflective finish on the part. Bright dipping is advantageous to mechanically and/or hand polishing a product that has an unusual shape, contour, size or porous surface area. Bright dipping does not remove surface scratches or marks, yet it chemically polishes the metal surface.


BAKING

Hydrogen gas is liberated at the cathode during various pretreatment and electroplating processes. The hydrogen can embrittle the steel being plated. Certain types of steel are more susceptible to embrittlement than others. After plating, certain parts which are susceptible to embrittlement are often subjected to a heat treatment, or “baking” procedure. This procedure is known as “Hydrogen Embrittlement Relief.” The relief process serves to remove or redistribute the hydrogen from the plated part.

Sonic Plating Co. Inc. has established several control procedures for baking finished products to help reduce the hydrogen within the steel part.  We offer various bake treatment times depending upon a customer's specific instructions.

To learn more, we highly recommend you read our BAKING PROCESS and HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT RELIEF links.


WAX EMULSION

We offer a wax coating that may be added to zinc plated surfaces (Zinc & Wax) of certain fasteners to improve the ease of assembly. Wax emulsion is sometimes a standard process coating for thread rolling screws as well as two-way reversible center-lock nuts.

The wax film may be deposited as a clear film on bare metal, various zinc coatings and chromate conversion coatings to add some lubricating characteristics to the part.

FEATURES OF WAX:

  • Wax dries and leaves a lubricating characteristic for threaded fasteners.
  • Produces good adhesion and durability on various surfaces.
  • Provides a temporary protective coating to help prevent corrosion during storage and shipment of parts.
  • Can be used on all metal surfaces both plated and un-plated metal.

STRIP AND OIL

Sonic Plating Inc. can strip your part(s) of an old zinc finish or an inferior finish that is common from foreign factories. We then take the raw uncoated metal and at a lesser cost to zinc plating, we oil the parts in an oil soaked bath. The result is a temporary corrosion protected metal surface that helps fight the formation of red rust build up, by utilizing a light coating of industrial oil protectant. Oiling is a fine temp-coat when one is not seeking to electroplate the product for long-term corrosion protection.

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Sonic Plating Co. Inc.13002 Los Nietos Road | Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670
(562)946-6303 | FAX (562)946-3857

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Information contained on this website is subject to change without notice. Sonic Plating Co. Inc
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